The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires that all groups of children reach proficiency in Reading and Math. The three AYP measures in 2012 are:
School Attendance (for schools without a high school graduating class): Goal of 90% or target of any improvement from previous year.
Graduation Rate (for schools with a high school graduating class): The school and every measurable subgroup in the school must meet the goal of 85%, or a 10% reduction of the difference between the previous year’s graduation rate and 85%. Districts/LEAs must meet both measures; attendance and graduation.
Achieving Proficiency (Performance):
To meet the Performance Measure required for AYP, schools and every measurable subgroup in the school must have at least 78% of the tested students achieve a Proficient score or higher on the mathematics assessment and 81% of the tested students achieve a Proficient score or higher on the reading assessment.
Taking the Test (Participation):
At least 95% of students overall and within each measurable subgroup must take the test.
For a school to meet AYP, all AYP measures must be met. Note that the number of goals and targets used for AYP can vary. This is because the measures associated with subgroups that have fewer than 40 students in the school do not apply. However, schools with fewer than 40 students are still accountable and are evaluated in the All Students Group.
Local Education Agency (School Districts/LEAs and Charter Schools) measures are assessed in three grade spans: Grades 3–5, 6–8, and 9–12. To meet AYP measures in Academic Performance or Test Participation, the Local Education Agency (LEA) needs to achieve all goals/targets for both subjects in one grade span only. Districts/LEAs must meet both measures in school attendance and graduation.